Amsterdam architects .FABRIC received an Honorable Mention for their entry 'Calles en Altura - Streets in the Air' in the competition by the Empresa Municipal de la Vivienda y Suelo in Madrid. Amongst the winners for this social housing competition, .FABRIC was the only foreign office that was awarded for a proposal in which an intelligent arrangement of collective space shaped a daring sculpture.
What is the value of new public space in the densest suburbs of Madrid? Can a residential building revitalize the spatial fabric of one the most disadvantaged neighbourhoods of the city? Within the given spatial envelope there seems no room to positively answer all these ambitious questions. The requested dwellings are strict. The budget is tight. The revenues are limited. The challenge thus is how to find extra space in these conditions that would make it possible to make architecture.
The solution is to introduce one floor of duplex apartments. Since duplexes are regarded as one floor it is possible to create a volume that formally consists of seven floors, stays within the height limitation, and has the capacity of containing 111 apartments. The result is an overcapacity of 12 apartments, i.e. extra space!
The biggest luxury architecture can offer residences in Puente de Vallecas is space. By shifting the floors of a conventional housing slab outwards large galleries are created. Subtracting the volume of 12 apartments at the ends of the volume creates spectacular space collective program. The alternating shifting of floors not only creates wide galleries, it also makes it possible to create an outside circulation. Spiralling along the building this circulation links the entire collective program.
The combination of small rational dwellings with wide collective galleries that link to collective program such as a water garden, a herbal garden, solarium, fitness and guestrooms result in new opportunities for living. Since all living areas are situated at the gallery side and all gallery facades open widely, residence will consider the circulation space partly as their out door space. This feeling will be emphasised by substituting the customary railing by a floor to sealing net that can support plants to grow. Furthermore the net will provide maximum contact with the surrounding area and thus invite people to use the galleries like streets in the air: sitting in the door opening, eating on the side walk.
Status: 2010 - competition
Client: Empresa Municipal de la Vivienda y Suela
Budget: 4,277,500 Euros
Site Nuestra Senôra de Los Ángeles 1, Madrid
Program: 100 apartments (40-80 m2)
Project Director: Eric Frijters, Olv Klijn
Team: Bas Driessen, Greta Mozzachiodi, Marie Rannou, Nuria Ripoll, Petter van Roermund, Iris Wijn, Raúl Benítez Molina, Morgane Monfort
Awards: Honorable Mention
Find more sections and plans in the image gallery below.
All images courtesy of .FABRIC.